You should spend 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the consumption of fish and some different kinds of meat. In a European country between 1979 and 2004.
Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The graph illustrates changes in the amounts of beef, lamb, chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004.
In 1979 beef was by far the most popular of these foods, with about 225 grams consumed per person per week. Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams), while much less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams.)
However, during this 25-year period the consumption of beef and lamb fell 55 grams respectively. The consumption of fish also declined, but much less significantly to just below 50 grams, so although it remained the least popular food, consumption levels were the most stable.
The consumption of chicken, on the other hand, showed an upward trend, overtaking that of lamb in 1990 and that of. Beef in 1989. By 2004, it had soared to almost 250 grams per person per week.
Overall, the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity of these other foods decreased over the period.
The line graph details the proportions of people going to the cinema once or more than once a month in an unspecified European country over the 2000-2011 period. Overall, the rates of moviegoers of all ages generally increased, despite periodic fluctuations. It is also clear that there were always more people aged between 15 and 25 going to the cinema compared to the other age groups, and the 35+ is the only group that had the most consistent growth.
In 2000, around 15% of the 15-to-24-year-old people went to the cinema once a month or more, and this figure thereafter enjoyed steady rises, reaching roughly 45% by 2006. During the same 2000-2006 period, similar patterns could be observed with regard to the rates of the 25-to-35 and 35+ groups, with the former increasing from 5% in 2000 to 15% in 2006, and the latter rising from a near zero in 2000 to 5% in 2006. Moviegoers aged between 25 and 35 also rose in numbers, albeit erratically, from 10% in 2000 to 20% in 2006.
From 2006 towards the end of the period, the figure for the 15-to-24 age bracket experienced 2 years of ups and downs, before regaining its upward streak, eventually finishing off at 52% in 2008. The percentage of the 7-to-14 and the 25-to-35 groups also fluctuated greatly, before both reaching 30% in 2008. The rate of the 35+, meanwhile, rose gradually throughout the period, ultimately amounting to roughly 14% in 2008.
Model Answer :-
The given column graph depicts the increase in the percentage of urban population in Africa, Asia, Latin America / Caribbean and the whole world from 1950 to 2000 and also gives predictions for 2030. It can be seen that population escalated in all given areas of the world and is expected to grow further.
In 1950, Latin America and the Caribbean had the maximum urban population, which constituted 42% of the total population. In contrast, Asia and Africa had much lesser people living in cities at 14% and 12% of the total population respectively. Just under a third of the population was of urbanites in the whole world in 1950.
In 2000, Africa and Asia saw an almost threefold increase in urban population. In both these areas city population became approximately 38% of the total. Latin America and the Caribbean had over two thirds of the population in cities. However, the whole world had almost equal number of rural and urban people in 2000.
It is predicted that by 2030 the urban population will continue to grow in all areas by 10- 15%. Almost 80% of people in Latin America and Caribbean are expected to live in cities, whereas in the whole world the percentage of urbanites is estimated to be 60%.
Overall, it is clear that urban population has grown in all the given areas and is expected to grow in the future.
The given column graph illustrates the percentage of dependents (children below 15 or adults above 65) in five countries in 2000 and also gives projections for 2050. It also depicts the world average in the given two years.
In 2000, India had the maximum percentage of dependents (38%), with Japan, Indonesia and China following closely behind with around 34% of dependents. Korea had the least percentage of reliant people (22%). The overall world population of children below 15 and adults over 65 was 25%.
Looking into the future, an increase in the population of dependents is predicted for Indonesia, Korea, China and Japan. In contrast, in India the needy population is thought to fall from 38% to 32%. In Korea the population is expected to double by 2050, from 22% to 44%. Approximately 15% rise in such population is predicted for Japan, whereas China is thought to show the least increase (2%). The world average of the dependents is expected to go up from about 25% to nearly 42%.
Overall, the percentage of dependents is expected to decrease in India whereas in other four countries it is projected to increase.
Sample Essay: UK School Spending in 1981, 1991 & 2001
The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spending by a particular UK school in 1981, 1991 and 2001.
The pie charts illustrate changes in a UK’s school expenditure further categorized into teachers’ salaries, furniture and equipment, resources, insurance and other workers’ salaries in 3 particular years mainly 1981, 1991 and 2001.
Overall, the school’s expenditure vary with each year given with a noticeable huge expense on teachers’ salaries that is common to all. While the expenditure on insurance steadily increased in the particular years, the opposite happened to the expenditure on other workers’ salaries.
Teachers’ salaries occupied the highest percentage of expenses recorded particularly in the year 1991 with 50% followed 45% in the year 2001 and the least in 1981. Other teachers’ salaries came next in the overall expenditure of a school in a decreasing trend from 28% in 1981 down to 22% in 1991 and lastly 15% in 2001 while insurance occupied the least percentage of expenditure among the four categories in an increasing manner with only 2% in 1981, 3 % in 1991 and 8% in 2001.
(Word count : 160 words)
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