How tour guide collect and prepare contents for the attractions

Unit 1. General Introduction to a place 地点概况
Unit 2. Natural Attractions in a place 地点自然景观
Unit 3. Historic Interests in a place 名胜古迹
Unit 4. Culture, custom and traditions in a place

Unit 1.A Survey of Guangdong Province
广东概况 主要城市介绍
Guangdong,called Yue for short,is located in the south of China,cove ring an area of 179,766 square kilometers.From north to south,the altitude decreases. The highest mountain in the province is Shikengkong Peak,measuring 1,902 meters above sea level.The mountain and hill areas cover most of Guangdong.There are many rivers among which the most famous is the Pearl River………

Brief Introduction to the Major Cities
(1)Guangzhou 广州
Guangzhou,the capital city of Guangdong Province,located at the north of the Pearl River Delta,is an important trading center as well as a busy port.The city has an area of over 16,000 square kilometers and a population of 6.7 million.Like Athens of Greece and Rome of Italy, Guangzhou also has a history of more than 2,800 year …………
Shenzhen is a city of sub-provincial administrative status in southern China’s Guangdong Province, situated immediately north of Hong Kong.Owing to China’s economic liberalization under the policies of reformist leader Deng Xiaoping,the area became China’s first―and arguably one of the most successful―special economic zones…………
(3)Zhuhai 珠海
Zhuhai is situated on the west bank of the Pearl River,facing Hong Kong and Shenzhen across the outlet of the Pearl River, bordering on the South China Sea and joining Macao to the south, with Xinhui and Taishan on the west,Zhongshan to the north.It is an important hub for connecting the inland with Hong Kong and Macao.In March 1979,it became a city at the prefectural level under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province.
(4)Shantou 汕头
Shantou is situated in the Hanjiang Delta in the east of Guangdong, bordering on Chaozhou to the north,South China Sea to the southeast,and Jieyang to the west,so it is called “Vital Hub of South China,Gate of East Guangdong”.It is a beautiful port city in the south of China,one of the five special economic zones.The total area of Shantou is 2,064 square kilometers with 40 coastal isles,and a coast line of 289km………

Unit 2. Natural Attractions in Guangdong

1.Dinghu Mountain 鼎湖山
Dinghu Mountain ranks first among the four famous mountains in Lingnan area,covering an area of 1,133 hectares.The highest point of the Mountain is Jilong peak,measuring 1,000.3 meters,with primary forest of 400 years.Dinghu Mountain is green all year round with various rare trees.That is why it got the name“Emerald on the Tropic of Cancer”………

2.Xiqiao Mountain 西樵山
It is believed that the scenery of Xiqiao and Luofu Mountain are peerless in southern Guangdong.The former is noted for its gracefulness and exquisiteness,whereas the latter is famous for its height and peculiarity and attracted numerous literates and travelers as early as 600 years ago…………

3.Danxia Mountain 丹霞山
Danxia Mountain(丹霞山)is a famous scenic area near Shaoguan City in the northern part of Guangdong.The name Danxia means“red clouds”due to its reddish sandstone.It is formed from reddish sandstone which has been eroded over centuries into a series of mountains surrounded by curvaceous cliffs and many unusual rock formations……

4.Lianhua Mountain in Panyu District of Guangzhou
Lianhua Mountain got the name from the lotus-shape stones on it.It is composed of 40 hills with the summit of 105 meters.It presents a fantastic view of cliffs,jagged rocks and caves.The highlight is the artificial stone wonders.The relics include ancient quarry site of 2,000 years ago,Lotus pagoda was built in the Ming Dynasty and Lotus Fortress in the Qing Dynasty…….

5.Huguangyan World Geopark 湖光岩世界地质公园
Zhanjiang Huguangyan World Geopark is located 18km in the south away from the downtown of the city.The scenic spot mainly consists of the volcanic lake and the basalt rock groups around the lake.In 1997,The UN Earth Research Center and Earth Research Institute of China Scientific Institute gave an assessment saying that Huguangyan was formed about 140,000 to 160,000 years ago after the volcanic eruption.Lots of samples indicate that the lake is a rare Maar Lake in the world after the volcanic eruption in the plain area…..

6.Seven-Star Crags 七星岩
The Seven Star Crags is located at the fringe of Zhaoqing by the Star Lake and formed one of the most scenic places in Guangdong Province.The limestone crags are naturally arranged in the same formation as the 7 stars of the Big Dipper constellation.Legend has it that the pillars of limestone grew from the stars that fell from the heaven.

Unit 3 Historic Interests in Guangdong

1.Nanhua Temple 南华寺
Nanhua Temple is the Zen Buddhist monastery of Hui Neng,the 6th Patriarch of Zen Buddhism.It is located in Caoxi(曹溪),25km southeast of Shaoguan City in the northern part of Guangdong Province.The temple was founded during the North and South Dynasties in 502 A.D.by an Indian monk named Zhiyao Sanzang(智乐三藏)who originally named the site Baolin Temple(宝林寺).It received its present name in 968 during the reign of the Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty……..

2.Qingyun Temple in Zhaoqing 肇庆庆云寺
Qingyun Temple is one of the 36 Buddhist temples in Dinghu Mountain.It was built in 1633.and renovated in 1997 with a total area of over 12,000 square meters.The seven-floor monastery consists of more than 100 halls,with many Buddha sculptures and Buddhism utensils……

3.Kaiyuan Temple in Chaozhou 潮州开元寺
Chaozhou Kaiyuan Country-guard Temple(short for Kaiyuan Temple)was first built in the 26th year of Kaiyuan Reign in the Tang Dynasty(738A. D.),because the emperor decreed that each county should build a big temple,named Kaiyuan to show their respect to him and the Buddha.It originally covers about 100 acres,now reduces to fifty acres……..

4.Feilai Temple in Qingyuan 清远飞来寺
Feilai Temple is located in the suburb of Qingyuan City.It was built in 520A.D.at the legendary 19th Happy Land of Taoist,where green water, rolling mountains and sea of clouds reminds us of the fairy land……..

5.The Six Banyan Temple 六榕寺
The Six Banyan Temple situated on the Liurong Road(Six Banyan Trees) in Guangzhou,is a world-famous ancient Buddhist temple.It was built in 537 in the Liang Dynasty during the Southern Dynasties(386—581)……

6.Kaiping Diaolou—the Watchtower-like Houses in Kaiping City
Kaiping Diaolou locates in Kaiping City—a small city of Guangdong Province.They are a group of multi-story country houses,combining defense and dwelling,blending Chinese and Western architectural style…….

7.Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall 中山纪念堂
Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall,situated on the southern slope of Yuexiu Hill, was built with funds contributed by overseas Chinese and the residents of Guangzhou to honor Dr.Sun Yat-sen,the forerunner in Chinese democratic revolution.Construction of the Memorial Hall started in 1929 and was completed in 1931.It is an octagonal structure in palatial style with a strong oriental flavor.Its auditorium can seat 4,700 people……

8.Weiyuan Fort 威远炮台
Located in Humen,Dongguan,the Weiyuan Fort is an important coastal defense in Humen during the Opium War period.Together with Zhenyuan Fort and Jingyuan Fort,they make a triangle in shape and form a solid position in the long and narrow river.Between the forts there are spikes connected with iron chains,which help to stop the enemy navy from entry.The fort has 40 cannons in total……

9.Dr.Sun Yat-sen’s Former Residence 孙中山故居
Cuiheng Village in Nanlang Town of Zhongshan is the birth place of Dr.Sun Yat-sen,one of China’s three greatest men of the 20th century and pioneer of China’s democratic revolution.Here he passed most of his childhood and teenage years.Tourists can see the living scenes of Sun Yat-sen and his family members……

10.Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall孙中山纪念馆
Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is adjacent to the former residence of Sun Yatsen,occupying an area of 2,000 square meters,with a floorage of 6,000 square meters.On exhibition here are the valuable historical photos and real objects reflecting the life of Sun Yat-sen…….

11.Whampoa Military Academy 黄埔军校
Whampoa Military Academy was the first military academy established at the Changzhou Island in Huangpu district,the east suburb of Guangzhou,with the aim of training military officials during the period of first cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party…..

Unit 4. Culture, custom and traditions in a place

1.Exhibition & Fair in Guangdong
(1) China Import and Export Fair(Guangzhou)
(2) Southern China International Printing Expo(Guangzhou)
(3) Guangzhou International Lighting Exhibtion
(4) Guangzhou Inter’l Beauty & Cosmetic Import-Export Expo
(6) China(Shenzhen)International Cultural Industries Fair
(7) China Hi-Tech Fair
(8) Airshow China(Zhuhai)
(9) The Inter’l Computer Communication & Cosumer Products Expo
(10)Shantou International Food Expo

2.Festivals and Customs
(1)Lion Dance
Lion dance is a folk recreational and sporting activity,imitating the movements of lions.On such festival days,the local people would like to hold a parade of lion dances with the dancers holding the paper-made lion’s head up and down to the strong rhythm of gongs and drums.
(2)Lantern Festival 元宵节
Like other provinces in China,Lantern Festival in Guangzhou takes place on 15th of the first lunar month.
(3) Double-Ninth Day
Climbing to a mountain on the Double Ninth Day is a custom on the ninth day of the ninth lunar month.It is meant to be an auspicious activity.People are used to climbing high,cleaning tombs and flying kites.
(4) Dragon Boat Festival 端午龙舟节
Dragon Boat Festival in Guangzhou dates back a thousand years ago at least,celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month each year.The festival is named so because dragon boat races are the most popular activity on that day,especially in Southern China.
(5)Worship Ceremony of Mazu(Goddess of the Sea)
The worship ceremony of Mazu(Goddess of the Sea)is regarded as sacrificial activities closely related to the Mazu culture.
(6)Flower Street during the Spring Festival 迎春花市
Time:On 27th — 30th of the twelfth month of the lunar calendar
(7)The PARAMITA Temple Fair 波罗庙会
Time:On 11th—13th of the second month of the lunar calendar.
(8)Litchi Festival 荔枝节
July is the perfect time for tasting litchi in Guangdong.In Zengcheng area of Guangzhou,Litchi Festival offers you with fresh litchi as well as fabulous entertainment shows and photograph exhibition.
(9)Guangzhou International Gourmet Festival广州国际美食节
The Festival is held during the Autumn Canton Fair.
(10)Parade in the New Year 元旦花车巡游
The yearly parade is held on the first day of the New Year.Well-decorated vehicles from China and overseas tourist agencies tour the main streets in Guangzhou,followed by dancing performance,and the drum troops.
(11) Cantonese Cuisine 粤菜
Cantonese cuisine refers to the foods in Guangdong Province in South China.It enjoys great reputation among the Eight Cuisines of China.Of all the regional varieties of Chinese cuisine,Cantonese cuisine is the best known outside China;most Chinese restaurants in Western countries serve it.Its prominence outside China is due to its palatability to Westerners and the great number of early emigrants from Guangdong.
(12)Cantonese Opera粤剧
Cantonese Opera,simply referred to as Yueju in Cantonese,is a southern type of the traditional opera in China.It is also a musical form of Lingnan culture with strong regional characteristics.Yue Opera,sung in Cantonese,has a long history and has been popular in Guangdong Province,Hongkong,Macao,Southeast Asia and all China Towns in the US and Canada。Foshan is a birthplace of Yue Opera and the city’s first troupe was assembled far back in the Ming Dynasty.

How tour guide collect and prepare contents for the attractions


Unit 1. General Introduction to a place 地点概况
Unit 2. Natural Attractions in a place 地点自然景观
Unit 3. Historic Interests in a place 名胜古迹
Unit 4. Culture, custom and traditions in a place

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